Positions on Immigration: Donald Trump and Hillary stand on immigration

Immigration Policies

Positions on Immigration: Donald Trump and Hillary stand on immigration

Presidential Debate
 by Jorge Yeshayahu Gonzales Lara -
 La Diaspora Latino Digital Magazine 

The political gap between the presidential candidates, Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump is unprecedented, especially when it comes to one of the most controversial issues in this election cycle reform of US immigration. The issue of immigration policies affect the entire nation.

Donald Trump has been determined from the border wall and potentially in the deportation of undocumented immigrants. While Clinton has pledged to protect the families of undocumented immigrants from deportation and promote comprehensive immigration reform. The issue is the economic cost and the impact on the national economy.

From a sociological approach of the central issues on immigration reform - specifically on border security, deportation, refugee resettlement, detention, paths to citizenship permits, visas, and work. These issues are dividing the nation. Latinos who were once immigrants now seeking to distance themselves from new immigrants but also of the 11 million undocumented immigrants. This political and social fact is repeated in the history of migration in the United States. Older immigrants are faced with hatred against new waves of migration. Donald Trump's endorsement reflects a number of unfinished frustrations and fears. It is evident that the nation has started a revolution against the old political policies.

The proposed Donald Trump - the construction of a wall along the border between the US and Mexico - including claims that Mexico will pay for the wall, which could cost between $ 5 billion to $ 10 billion.

"I will build a great wall on our southern border, and Mexico will pay for that wall" Trump first part of the public, said in announcing his presidential candidacy in June 2015 and said that in almost every campaign event. In addition, Trump also proposes to increase rates on visas, tariffs and border crossing cards - a major cause of overstays.

Clinton proposes the protection of borders and national security and supported the immigration bill in the Senate that would have funded a 2013 enhanced border security plan, including additional border fence.

But it is evident that the borders are not secure, and has increased human trafficking of immigrants and minors recently. The nation faces stiffly 11 million people who live and work in the United States. Contrary to this Trump promotes the deportation of 11 million undocumented workers and create a "force eject" and impose criminal penalties on immigrants and drug traffickers. Trump proposes to triple the number of agents of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) from 5,000 to 15,000. Trump also wants ICE officials to cooperate with local law enforcement raids on gangs, specifically the undocumented immigrants who are believed to have gang connections. Trump wants to end birth right citizenship - which states that "the biggest magnet for illegal immigration" - the suspension of the policy automatically gives the children of undocumented parents born in the United States citizenship. Clinton also said it would expand outreach efforts for people seeking US citizenship, partly for mitigation of language and economic barriers that make it difficult for undocumented immigrants navigate the process. Clinton supports DACA and DAPA programs that allow qualified undocumented immigrants to obtain work permits. What none of the candidates has been mentioned H-1B visa?

To conclude Trump postures and Clinton will not have any negative aspect in wages and jobs of US citizens in the short term, but a positive aspect in highly skilled in innovation and job creation immigrants. In the international market economic treaties may be affected by immigration policy, especially labor of immigrants and unskilled temporary workers, the area of ​​agriculture and services. Donald Trump's endorsement reflects a number of unfinished frustrations and fears. It is evident that the nation has started a revolution against the old political policies and practices in the United States. It requires profound social and political changes are the new challenges of the XXI century.

by Jorge Yeshayahu Gonzales Lara - La Diaspora Latino Digital Magazine 

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